Katzung & Trevor's Pharmacology. Examination & Board Review (Katzung) 13 ed (2021) pdf for free


 Download Katzung & Trevor's Pharmacology. Examination & Board Review (Katzung) 13 Edition (2021) Easily In PDF Format For Free

This book is designed to help students review plw:macology and to prepare for both. regular course examinations and board examinations. The thirteenth. edition has been rev.ised to make such ptepaiation as active and efficient as possible. Ar. with. earlier editions, rigorous standards of accuracy and currency have been maintained in keeping with. the book's status as the companion to the BMic & Clinical Pharmaco/.or; textbook.. This review book divides pharmacology into the topics used in most course& and textbooks. Major introductory chapters (eg, autonomic pharmacology and CNS pharmacology) are included for integration with. rd.evant physiology and biochemistry. The chapter-based approach facilitates use of this book in conjW\ction with course notes or a larger text. We recommend several strategies to make reviewing more effective (Appendix I contains a swnmary oflearning and test-taking strategies that most students find useful). First. each chapter has a short discussion of the major concepts that underlie iu basic principle$ or the specific drug group, accompanied by explanatory figures and tables. Students are advised to read the ten thoroughly before they attempt to answer the ttudy questions at the end of each chapter.

 If a concept is found to be difficult or confu&ing, the student is advised to consult a regular textbook such as Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, 15th edition. Second. each drug-oriented chapter opens with an Overview that organizes the group of drugs visually in diagrammatic form. We recommend that students practice reproducing the overview diagram from memory. Third. a list of High-Yield Tums to Learn and their deAnitions is near the front of most chapters. Make swe that you are able to define those terms. Fourth, many chapters include a Skill Kaper question that prompts the student to review previous material and to see links between related topics. We suggest that students tty to answer Skill Keeper que&tions on their own before checking the answers that are provided at the end of the chapter. Fifth, each of the sixty-two chapters contains up to ten aample questions followed by a set of answers with explanations. For mo&t effective learning. you should take each set of sample questions as if it were a real examination. After you have answered every question, work through the answers. When you are analyzing the answers, make sure that you understand why each choice is either correct or incorrect. Sixth, each chapter includes a Checklist of focused tasks that you should be able to do once you have Anished the chapter. Seventh, most chapters end with a Summary Table that lists the most important drugs and includes key information concerning their mechanisms of action. effects, clinical uses, pbarmacokinetics, drug interactions, and tOldcities.

 Eighth, when preparing for a comprehensive examination, you should review the sttategies described in Appendis: I if you have not already done so. Then review the list of drugs in Appendix II: Key Word.t for Key Drugs. Students are also advised to check this appendix as they work through the chapters so they can begin to identify drugs out of the context of a chapter that reviews a restricted set of drugs. Ninth, after you have worked your way through most or all of the chapters and have a good grasp of the Key Drugs, you should take the comprehensive examinations, each of 100 questions, presented in Appendices DI and IV. These examinations are followed by a list of answers, each with a short explanation or rationale underlying the correct choice and the numbers of the chapters in which more information can be found if needed.

 We recommend that you take an. entire examination or a block of questions aa if it were a real examination: commit to answers for the whole set before you check the answers. Ar. you work through the answers, make sure that you understand why each answer is either correct or incorrect. If you need to, return to the relevant chapters(s) to review the ten that covers key concepts and facts that form the baais for the question. We recommend that this book be used with a regular text. Basic & Clinical Pharmacolo1:1. 15th edition (McGraw-Hill, 2020), follow& the chapter sequence used here. However, this review book is designed to complement any standard medical pharmacology text. The student who completes and Wlderstands Phamutco/ogy: &mination t!r BoarJ &view will greatly improve their performance and will have an excellent command of pharmacology. 

Pharmacology is the body of knowledge concerned. with the action of chemicals on biologic systems. Medkal pbamw:ology is the area of pharmacology concemed. with the use of chemicals in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of di&ease, especially in humans. T odcology is the area of pharmacology concerned. with the undesirable effects of chemials on biologic systems. Pharma.-    cioldneda describes the dttm of the body on drugs. for example  ab&orption, metabolism, aaetion, etc. Pharmacod.ynamia denotes the actions of the drug on the body, such a& mechanism of action and therapeutic and tom: effects. The first part of this chapter reviews the basic principle& of pharmacokinetia and pbarmacodynamil:& that will be applied .in subsequent chapters. The second part of the chapter reviews the discovery and development of new drugs and the regulation of drugs by government agencie&.


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